Development is a complex process. With varying definitions, it is often a contradictory process, sometimes with reversal of fortunes and certainly not consensual across groups. On top of this, academics, policymakers and practitioners discuss the reasons for (under)development and look for what policy works and under which conditions. In doing so, institutions have been a broad umbrella to understand challenges to development, with different theories and strands. In short, context matters and general trends need to be researched deeper for each case.
Portuguese-speaking countries, in spite of different positions in the mainstream development spectrum, have traditionally been considered lagging behind relatively to their peers. This applies to the African, American, Asian and European continents. Often, their common institutional background has been identified as one of the reasons for their underachievement and underdevelopment. However, Portuguese-speaking countries have also been under-researched in scientific literature in English and, in particular, in Development Studies.
This working group intends to address this gap. It addresses these inherently interdisciplinary issues by researching Portuguese-speaking countries’ impairments to development and the nuances that should be present in the narrative. To do so, it gathers contributions from area studies, anthropology, demography, economics, gender studies, political science, public administration, social policy, sociology to inform the development studies debate. It actively promotes the inclusion of different views to counter limitations imposed by history and power relations such as coloniser/colonised, Global South/North, among others.
The Core Topics of the Working Group
Focusing on its geographical area of interest, this working group will study the institutional challenges and the development sphere in several topics, namely the following:
- Society: Citizenship, civil society, gender and identities
- Economy: Economic development, industrialization and growth
- Well-Being: Food security, education, labour and social protection
- Local: Environment, and regional and urban development
- National: Governance, political institutions, public administration and memory
The Aim of the Working Group
This working group aims at becoming a forum for understanding the development (or the lack of it) in Portuguese Speaking Countries and to identify the nuances that should be present in the development narrative. To do so, it plans to bring together academics, but also policymakers, and practitioners, acknowledging different types of knowledge. Where possible, the working group will try to conciliate problem-solving and critical thinking approaches and identify a common agenda, but admitting that different worldviews are frequent and desirable.