Convened by Carlos Gradín (United Nations University World Institute for Economic Development (UNU-WIDER) and University of Vigo, Spain)
To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 10), the world needs urgent action. For this, we need to know the facts, what are main trends in inequality over time, both between countries and within countries, globally and locally. We also need a good understanding of what drives inequality and what can be done to reduce it, identifying the role of different stakeholders (from Statistical Offices or researchers to policymakers and development agents).
UNU-WIDER is a UN institution with a strong work program that includes inequality as one of the main topics. One of the key elements of this is developing the World Income Inequality Database (WIID), an open source database on income inequality for almost all countries in the world and the longest possible period, with a rich set of indicators. It also includes extensive research on different aspects of income inequality, like what are the global trends, between and within countries, to what extent earnings inequality in the developing world is affected by technology, etc. It will contribute to the roundtable by discussing the main issues around having reliable data for this, as well as what we know so far and what are the implications for SDG 10.
The EU-AFD Research Facility on Inequalities is a research facility to better understand inequalities. It aims to strengthen knowledge on inequality in low and middle income countries. Its first phase contributed to better understand socioeconomic inequalities, their determinants, effects and dynamics carried out in 32 countries. A second phase launched in 2021 focuses on supporting the development of policies to reduce inequality in four partner countries: South Africa, Mexico, Colombia and Indonesia. The Research facility will bring to the roundtable their experience on how to better understand the dynamics of inequalities in order to better respond to them in terms of public policies.
The Community of Practice on Poverty and Inequalities (CoP-PI) that supports members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) in increasing their focus on poverty and inequality reduction through their development co-operation. It provides a space for learning and exchange among DAC members and with a broader community, to help translate policies and strategies to reduce poverty and inequalities into practice. Cop-PI will bring the experience of development community.
Carlos Gradín (Research Fellow at UNU-WIDER and Professor of Applied Economics at the University of Vigo)
Anda David (Senior Researcher at the French Development Agency, AFD).
Julie Seghers, Policy Analyst on Poverty and Inequalities, OECD Development Co-Operation Directorate.