“Multi-Dimensional Poverty and Poverty Dynamics” Working Group
The Multi-Dimensional Poverty Working Group (MDP WG) is highly relevant due to the primacy given poverty reduction in the present United Nations Sustainable development goals (SDGs), and because it is a joint Development Studies Association (DSA)/EADI group that bridges both communities.
What are the core questions?
The core questions the MDP WG explores relate to the conceptualisation, measurement and dynamics of poverty. The group debates the structural causes for the persistence of poverty and how frameworks for development and poverty reduction can influence policy to promote positive and sustainable social change.
What are our aims? What do we want to achieve as a Working Group?
The MDP WG aims to provide an open forum for people around the world to engage with and share multi-disciplinary research on understanding, measuring, and reducing poverty.
This is a joint EADI/DSA group. Please also visit the DSA Study Group for other information and documents.
About this Working Group
Poverty reduction has never been higher on international research and policy agendas. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) recognise poverty to take monetary and multidimensional forms and to affect women and men of all ages. A growing evidence base in both developed and developing countries allows for new insights and understandings into the shape and dynamics of poverty and social mobility. These encompass inequality and relative poverty as the global distribution of poverty is shifting from low income to middle income countries. To reflect the vibrancy of conceptual, methodological, empirical and policy debates, the group has two strands: one, conceptual/methodological, and the second, application/policy.
The conceptual and methodological strand addresses questions relating to the meaning and measurement of poverty, the conceptualization of poverty, and the reproduction of poverty over time. Areas include multi-dimensionality in poverty, the intergenerational transfer of poverty, social exclusion, and alternative conceptualisations of poverty such as the Sen/Nussbaum Capability Approach, and wellbeing approaches. In relation to methodology, the group will take a critical look at poverty assessment (particularly from longitudinal perspectives), impact evaluations of poverty interventions, global-national-local-individual interfaces, subjective and relational aspects of poverty, and mixed methods research designs. The group does not focus on a particular age group, but looks at poverty across the life course, spanning the experiences of children and elderly people as well as working age adults.
The application and policy-led strand addresses questions relating to the policy process and objectives. These include reflections on how poverty debates or frameworks for development and poverty reduction have influenced policy and have been successful or not. For example, to what extent do the SDGs offer a new framework for understanding development and addressing development challenges? What gaps are there in the SDGs? What steps should be taken to achieve the SDGs? In addition, this strand aims to tie in to country- or context-specific policy responses to multidimensional poverty, such as social protection, or factors associated with or leading to multidimensional poverty, such as migration, urbanisation and psychosocial wellbeing.
The aim of the group is to bring together people working on poverty across the global North and South using a range of conceptual and methodological approaches. In doing this it will contribute to contemporary debates and share multi-disciplinary research on understanding, measuring, and reducing poverty.
University of East Anglia
Tel.: (44) 1603-591885
Anglia Ruskin University
Institute of Development Studies
London United Kingdom
University of Leeds