“Development Aid of the Non-DAC Donors” Working Group
About this Working Group
It is increasingly apparent that the phenomenon of the non-DAC donors (NDD) is a major issue for development studies. The inclusion of the topic as a subject of research within the EADI ECDC2020 project is testament to its importance as well as considerable number of research papers presented at the EADI General Conference within the WG Aid Policy and Performance. Their increasing influence on parts of the developing world clearly challenges the roles of the established DAC donors, and the growth of these NDD is of great interest to academics and policy makers. The aim of this Working Group is to seek to advance our theoretical frameworks and/or empirically-derived understanding of the non-DAC Donors and provide a forum for discussions as to the roles they play.
Non-DAC donors comprise an extremely heterogeneous set of countries, which can be broadly classified into four groups (i) OECD countries which are not members of DAC, such as South Korea, Mexico, Turkey and several European countries; (ii) new European Union countries which are not members of the OECD; (iii) Middle Eastern OPEC countries, particularly Saudi Arabia; and (iv) non-OECD donors that do not belong to any of the previous groups, including Brazil, China, India and Russia (World Bank 2008).
The Working Group aims to focus on the following policy challenges as regards non-DAC donors, although in a flexible way as new issues will emerge during the life of the WG:
- The approaches of NDDs to themes of the Paris Declaration and other major DAC initiatives
- Impacts of non-DAC development assistance on economic growth, poverty reduction, debt, environmental standards, policy environments and political regimes;
- Responses within the DAC community and multilateral development institutions to the NDDs; .
- How civil society organisations are responding to this changing development landscape
- Domestic responses within the NDDs to their foreign aid policies
- Impacts of changing economic and political circumstances on the roles and modalities of the NDDs