“International Migration” Working Group
About this Working Group
International labour migration rises increasing public concern in many European countries, and it is high on the political agenda of the European Union. Yet, while the officially erected barriers against the inflow of people from abroad into the EU are increasing, the demand for foreign labour force in the potential host countries is strong, and many branches depend on cheap foreign workers in order to remain competitive in an economically globalized world. Under these circumstances, the pressure of transnational labour migration persists, depending on the international allocation of capital flows and being itself a source of international capital flows. Millions of households in poorer country depend on the remittances of family members working abroad for their livelihood, and for many poorer countries, remittances of their nationals working abroad constitute a major source o foreign exchange. Recently, this issue has also been brought in the foreground by the World Bank which is elaborating the potential of remittances as a source of development finance.
This Working Group intendeds to study these issues in the setting of conflicting interests and policy contradictions, with an emphasis on the implications which international migration bears on the sending countries (via loss of labour force and inflow of remittances), considering in particular:
- the impact of foreign labour input on production and competitiveness of certain branches
- the impact of the migrants remittances on the development of their home regions
- the possible impact of the migrants spending behaviour on the regional development of the host regions
- the role of the farm sector as a transit camp for those looking for work in other sectors of the economy
- a comparison between European and American migration and remittance flows and their respective implications.
It is intended to link the Working Group to an already existing international research group.
The list of topics to be treated could be extended to further sub-titles.
The final aim of the Working Group is a joint research project for which funding should be raised (e.g. an application to the EU). The milestones should be a number of seminars and workshops, as well as joint publications.