Past Highlights

Towards the Urgent Elimination of Hazardous Child Labour

19 Jun 2018
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2018/06 – Report; Author(s): International Labour Organization (Ilo) - Details

This report brings together and assesses new research on hazardous child labour, following the ILO’s last report on this subject in 2011. The report demonstrates that we have extensive experience and an ample evidence base to assist us in tackling hazardous child labour.

Incentives to Labour Migration and Agricultural Productivity

19 Jun 2018
Read more: Incentives to Labour Migration and Agricultural Productivity (external link)

2018/04 – United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER); WIDER Working Paper 45/2018; Author(s): Marie Albertine Djuikom - Details

This paper investigates the effect of internal labour migration on agricultural productivity of rural households in Uganda. Since households select themselves into migration this raises the endogeneity problem. In order to account for the endogeneity of the migration decision and the fact that the effect might be different from one household to another, I model the households’ decisions to participate in migration along with their investment in agricultural productivity using the Bayesian treatment analysis. This approach allows me to self-match each household and to estimate a distribution for the counterfactual outcome.

Aligning Agricultural and Rural Development (ARD) and Trade Policies to Improve Sustainable Development Impact

23 May 2018
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2018/02 – European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM); ECDPM & GDPRD discussion paper; Author(s): Paul Engel - Details

Development partners are making efforts to strengthen coherence between their Trade and Agricultural and Rural Development (ARD) policies and interventions. This is key to enhance synergies for sustainable development, or at the very least to avoid one policy undermining the developmental effects of the other. It requires enhanced dialogue and cooperation between trade and ARD communities. This exploratory study seeks to analyse the ongoing debate and cooperation between ARD and trade, and aid for trade departments.

Can Group Farms Outperform Individual Family Farms? Empirical Insights From India

23 May 2018
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2018/08 – Global Development Institute (GDI); World Development; Author(s): Bina Agarwal - Details

Is there an alternative model to small family farming that could provide sustainable livelihoods to millions of resource-constrained and often non-viable smallholders in developing countries? Could group farming constitute such an alternative, wherein smallholders voluntarily pool land, labour and capital to create larger farms that they manage collectively?

Land, Investments and Public-Private Partnerships: What Happened to the Beira Agricultural Growth Corridor in Mozambique?

23 May 2018
Read more: Land, Investments and Public-Private Partnerships: What Happened to the Beira Agricultural Growth Corridor in Mozambique? (external link)

2018/03 – Department of International Environment and Development Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Noragric); The Journal of Modern African Studies Volume 56, Issue 1; Author(s): Randi Kaarhus - Details

This article explores an initiative located in central Mozambique, the Beira Agricultural Growth Corridor (BAGC). It shows how the international fertiliser company Yara set out to enrol actors at different levels in business, governance and agricultural development into BAGC as a public-private partnership to promote commercial agriculture. Very soon, however, Yara made shifts in its engagement and market strategy, leaving the BAGC initiative to supporting donors and local producers. The analysis presented here shows how the tension between ‘patient-capital’ requirements, high risks and low immediate returns have shaped this case over time – in a context of a national political economy framed by extractive-resource dynamics.

Violence Against Women and Girls and Resilience

24 Apr 2018
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2018/01 – Overseas Development Institute (ODI); Author(s): Virginie Le Masson et al. - Details

This report examines examples of initiatives developed by state and non-governmental programmes in Chad to build resilience and fight against the processes that maintain exclusion and vulnerability. Recommendations for development practitioners to advocate for the elimination of all violence and discrimination are extended in a policy brief.

La guerre en Centrafrique à l’ombre du Tchad. Une escalade conflictuelle régionale ?

24 Apr 2018
Read more: La guerre en Centrafrique à l’ombre du Tchad. Une escalade conflictuelle régionale ? (external link)

2018/03 – Agence Française de Développement (AFD); Études de l'AFD n° 17; Author(s): Emmanuel Chauvin - Details

Cette étude, réalisée par Emmanuel Chauvin pour l’Observatoire Pharos à la demande de l’Agence Française de Développement (AFD), éclaire la double dimension régionale d’une guerre civile : sa régionalisation militaire et son impact sur l’évolution des flux économiques, politiques et culturels, transfrontaliers entre le théâtre de ce conflit et les pays limitrophes.

The Strong Nation-State and ViolenceTitle

24 Apr 2018
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2018/03 – Institute for Development and Peace (INEF); Working Papers on Development and Global Governance No.16; Author(s): Christian Tischmeyer - Details

This ascription is based on existence of five sets of institutions, or dimensions of state activity. A state is considered strong when perceived to perform effectively in the dimensions of monopolising the military draft, direct taxation, bureaucratic organisation, promotion of formal economy, and keeping internal order. As meeting these conditions depends on direct rule, strong modern states are necessarily nations. Using an actor-centred concept of violence, I assess the violence necessary in creating and maintaining such orders. I conclude that nation-states have an institutional disposition towards massviolence. Thus one has to think beyond this political order when seeking less violence.

Gender and Intersecting Inequalities in Local Government in South Asia

20 Mar 2018
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2018/01 – Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton; research paper; Author(s): Sohela Nazneen - Details

This paper is an evidence review of how intersecting forms of inequalities influence women’s political participation and representation at the local level in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. The review shows that while the quota system has increased women’s presence in local government, intersections of gender and caste or gender and class affect minority women’s ability to contest elections, participate in local government meetings, contest opinions, and represent the interests of their community and that of gender equality in different ways. These intersections also make women vulnerable to discriminatory practices within the government and also to violence.

World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends for Women 2018 – Global Snapshot

20 Mar 2018
Read more: World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends for Women 2018 – Global Snapshot (external link)

2018/03 – International Labour Organization (ILO); Report - Details

The past 20 years have witnessed some progress for women in the world of work and in terms of gender equality in society. Today, more women than ever before are both educated and participating in the labour market. This “global snapshot” looks at the progress (or lack thereof) made during the past decade and assesses women’s labour market prospects by examining the gaps between men and women according to a selection of ILO statistical indicators, namely labour force participation, unemployment, informal employment and working poverty.