The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

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Read more: The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) (external link)
03 Jan 2019

2018/12 – Oxford Department of International Development (ODID); research paper; Author(s): Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (Ophi)

The Most Detailed Picture to Date of the World’s Poorest People presents the global MPI 2018, a newly revised index based on a short but powerful list of 10 deprivations. It now covers 105 countries in total, which are home to 77 per cent of the world’s population, or 5.7 billion people. Key findings are:

  • 1.3 billion people live in multidimensional poverty.
  • 83% of all multidimensionally poor people in the world live in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
  • Two-thirds of all MPI poor people live in middle-income countries.
  • Half of the multidimensionally poor are children aged 0-17.
  • 85% of MPI poor people live in rural areas.
  • 46% of those who are multidimensionally poor live in severe poverty.
  • In 2015/16, more than 364 million people are still MPI poor in India.
  • In India, 271 million people moved out of poverty in ten years.

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