Agricultura inclusiva y sostenible en Costa Rica: un sello para promover el comercio solidario
Compared to other Latin American countries, Costa Rica has good indicators of economic growth and social development. Historically, it has managed to combine inward growth with intelligent use of the options offered by international markets. In recent decades, the country has undergone a strong structural change, with new export activities generating well-paying jobs and accelerated urbanization. While this has allowed for solid economic growth rates, it has also meant an increase in social inequality and greater territorial disparities. A considerable part of the population living in Costa Rica's rural areas feels decoupled from the dynamics and has lost confidence in the political system. This puts the country's governance in jeopardy. The document proposes a seal for the country's family agriculture as an instrument for promoting social and territorial cohesion. A seal that highlights the peasant origin of agricultural and agroindustrial products can enable producers to compete with imported products and ensure attractive sales channels with good prices. It can also have an important symbolic value, transmitting the message of solidarity and shared identity between the urban population and rural areas. In order for producers to perceive positive changes in the near future, several sales channels should be served simultaneously, namely supermarkets, hotels, restaurants, e-commerce and tourism. The certification process should be robust and at the same time simple, to avoid delays and high costs.
Development policy from a systemic perspective: changes, trends and its future role within a broader framework for transnational co-operation
Over the past decade a number of changes can be observed within the development policy system. This paper presents and discusses these changes along three dimensions: narratives, strategies and operational approaches. Changes are manifold, ranging from the application of new narratives, such as the migration narrative, to alternations in strategic objectives (e.g. developing countries’ graduation issues), new instruments (in the form of development finance at the interface with the private sector), and the application of new concepts for project implementation (e.g. through frontier technologies). We discuss the implications and effects of these changes for the current and potential future role of the development policy system, as well as preliminary ideas for a concept of global co-operation for sustainable development (GCSD), spanning beyond the development policy system
"Mehr Markt" reicht für Kooperation mit Afrika nicht aus
Wie die EU und AU ihre Zusammenarbeit stärken sollten
Frieden und Sicherheit bleiben auf dem afrikanischen Kontinent eine zentrale Herausforderung und somit auch ein wichtiges Thema der EU-AU-Beziehungen.
Towards more policy advice: maximizing the UN’s assets to build back better
In order to effectively assist countries in building back better from the COVID-19 pandemic and return to a path towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the UN and its development organizations will need to focus more than in recent times on high-level policy advice.
Republic of Korea and COVID-19: gleaning governance lessons from a unique approach
In a world struggling to manage both the pandemic and its spillover effects–– with a population of around 51 million people and only about 320 dead eight months after the pandemic started––the Republic of Korea stands out in the global landscape of pandemic management and SDG16+ leadership. The country is, of course, not immune from COVID-19 waves and containment risks. However, its fundamental approach seems to be quite effective from a global perspective. Indeed, state capacity, trust, and leadership seem to be more powerful crisis management tools than specific governance models that went hand in hand with stockpiles of equipment. Interestingly, ROK’s COVID-19 management capacity is also contributing significantly to the country’s soft power.
Cling together, swing together: the contagious effects of COVID-19 on developing countries through global value chains
This paper estimates the economic vulnerability of developing countries to disruptions in global value chains due to the COVID-19 pandemic and reveals that adverse demand-side effects reduce GDP up to 5.4 percent, and collapsing foreign supply generates a drop in GDP of a similar magnitude.