Corporate tax revenue and foreign direct investment: potential trade-offs and how to address them
Corporate tax revenue and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) are two key development finance sources. This paper discusses potential trade-offs faced by developing countries, when mobilizing corporate tax revenue and FDI jointly, and provides policy recommendations how to address these trade-offs.
Die deutsche EU-Ratspräsidentschaft steht vor einer Herkulesaufgabe
Heute übernimmt Deutschland für sechs Monate die Präsidentschaft im Rat der Europäischen Union. Im Krisenjahr 2020 ist das keine leichte Aufgabe. Deutschland muss jetzt einen EU-internen Corona-Wiederaufbauplan auf den Weg bringen und damit die Weichen für eine sozial inklusive, ökologisch nachhaltige und wirtschaftlich erfolgreiche Zukunft der EU stellen.
Migration und die Agenda 2030: Es zählt nur, wer gezählt wird - Migrant*innen und Geflüchtete in den Zielen nachhaltiger Entwicklung
Unter dem Leitgedanken „Leave no one behind“ strebt die Agenda 2030 an, die Lebensbedingun-gen armer und marginalisierter Gruppen zu verbessern. Geflüchtete und Migrant*innen werden bisher nicht systematisch berücksichtigt. Um dies zu ändern, bedarf es nach Migrationsstatus disaggregierter Daten.
Auf Covid-19 muss eine tiefgreifende Transformation der Steuersysteme folgen
Steuersysteme können eine Schlüsselrolle dabei spielen, um die sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Folgen der Covid-19-Pandemie in Entwicklungsländern abzufedern und nach der Pandemie eine möglichst rasche und nachhaltige wirtschaftliche Erholung zu befördern.
Never-ending reformism from above and dissatisfaction from below: the paradox of Moroccan post-Spring politics
In recent years, Morocco has implemented far-reaching political reforms of modernisation and liberalisation but these have never reached the stage of a systemic change. The country's political regime is still authoritarian in nature.
Estimating economic losses from perceived heat stress in urban Malaysia
Higher temperatures linked to climate change lead to people feeling increasingly heat stressed compromising their health and reducing economic activity. In this paper we assess the potential economic impact of heat stress on working people in urban Malaysia by analysing the loss in productivity that they associate with heat stress. We found that nearly every respondent (99%) from a sample of 514 drawn from an online survey sometimes feels heat stressed and also less productive as a result. The median number of days in a year on which people felt their productivity had been compromised because of heat stress was 29. On those days half of the respondents felt their work capacity had been at least halved. The estimated median annual loss from reduced productivity was 257 €, nearly 10% of respondents' median annual income. Respondents who work in mentally challenging jobs are more affected by heat than those in physically intense jobs. They also receive the highest incomes, so suffer the highest losses. Our research suggests that the real economic costs of heat has probably been underestimated because most research has so far focused on people working in physically intense outdoor jobs or those performed in very hot environments.
Understanding the role of natural hazards in internal labour mobility in Australia
Australia is among the countries most exposed to natural hazards, particularly wildfire, cyclones, floods and heat waves. Natural disasters are expected to increase in frequency and severity as climate changes. For some people, the increase in risk from these disasters is a reason to move away from certain places or avoid others. Contemporary migration literature has largely ignored environmental factors for mobility, concentrating instead on economic and amenity or lifestyle factors. In this study we fill this gap by exploring the extent to which People in Australia consider natural hazards in their location choices and mobility decisions. Results from a survey using best-worst scaling showed that non-environmental factors prevail, with safety from crime the factor People consider most important when moving somewhere for a new job, followed by living costs and provision of adequate health care. Environmental factors were secondary in people’s migration decisions but more important than attractive scenery and educational opportunities. The reasons people in Australia are not particularly dissuaded from moving to places where the prospects of good employment opportunities are high even though they risk the effects of natural disasters, might be a belief in their ability to cope with the disasters should they occur (self-efficacy). Among the environmental factors, high wildfire risk was most important in people’s migration decisions, even though the survey was conducted before the devastating wildfires in 2019/20 which were unprecedented in their extent and severity. Wildfires might since have become more important in people’s migration decisions, leading to long-term demographic change if people start avoiding high fire risk regions.