Earmarking in the multilateral development system: many shades of grey
Earmarking has become a powerful and widely accepted, yet also loathed modality of funding multilateral development organizations. How is earmarking practiced by major donors? What options do they have? And how does earmarking affect organizations ability to effectively implement the 2030 Agenda?
Curb your enthusiasm: Corona may slow down multilateral process, but must not derail global climate policy
The UK government together with UN climate officials announced that the UN climate change conference “COP26” that was set to convene in Glasgow, Scotland, in November 2020, will be postponed into 2021 in response to the ongoing Corona crisis. Concomitantly, the UNFCCC has decided to reschedule its intermediary round of negotiations, which were set to convene in Bonn in early June, to 4-12 October 2020. This hardly comes as a surprise, yet poses an unprecedented challenge for the multilateral climate process, which stands at the doorstep of a new era even without “COVID-19.”
Multilateralism as a tool: Exploring French military cooperation in the Sahel
President François Hollande entered public office in 2012 with a non-interventionist agenda that promised to draw down French troops in Africa and promoted collective African and European mechanisms to reduce France’s military footprint in the region. One year later, the same president deployed 4,000 combat troops to Mali, initially without any multilateral participation. To understand this apparent contradiction between multilateral rhetoric and operational unilateralism, this article looks at France’s efforts in previous years to establish African and European military operations in support of the Malian state. The article finds that France’s commitment to multilateralism is genuine yet not absolute – meaning that French policy-makers do not shy away from operational unilateralism if conditions on the ground seem to require swift and robust military action, as long as they can count on the political support of key international partners.
Was wir in der Corona-Krise von und über Afrika lernen können
Ist Afrika der Corona-Pandemie schutzlos ausgeliefert? Afrikanische Länder sind teils sogar besser auf Pandemien vorbereitet als Europa und die USA. Warum das so ist, zeigt ein Blick auf den Ebola-Ausbruch 2014 in Nigeria.
Parallelen zwischen der Corona-Pandemie und dem Klimawandel
Auf der ganzen Welt werden Maßnahmen getroffen, um die Ausbreitung des Corona-Virus zu verlangsamen und den wirtschaftlichen Schaden zu minimieren. Dass dabei auch Verhaltensänderungen auf individueller Ebene stattfinden müssen, ist unabdingbar.
Socially responsible public procurement (SRPP) in multi-level regulatory frameworks: assessment report on policy space for SRPP regulation and implementation in Germany and Kenya
What leeway is there for Socially Responsible Public Procurement (SRPP) in Germany and Kenya? In both countries public procurement is influenced by a multi-level regulatory framework. Analysing it generates insights and policy considerations on how to overcome the implementation gap for SRPP.
Beyond national climate action: the impact of region, city, and business commitments on global greenhouse gas emissions
This article quantifies the net aggregate impact in 2030 of commitments by individual non-state and subnational actors (e.g. regions, cities and businesses, collectively referred to as ‘NSAs’) to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The analysis was conducted for NSAs operating within ten major emitting economies that together accounted for roughly two-thirds of global GHG emissions in 2016. Our assessment includes 79 regions (e.g. subnational states and provinces), approximately 6,000 cities, and nearly 1,600 companies with a net emissions coverage of 8.1 GtCO2e/year, or a quarter of the ten economies’ total GHG emissions in 2016. The analysis reflects a proposed methodology to aggregate commitments from different subnational (i.e. regional and city government) and non-state (i.e. business) actors, accounting for overlaps.
If individual commitments by NSAs in the ten high-emitting economies studied are fully implemented and do not change the pace of action elsewhere, projected GHG emissions in 2030 for the ten economies would be 1.2–2.0 GtCO2e/year or 3.8%–5.5% lower compared to scenario projections for current national policies (31.6–36.8 GtCO2e/year). On a country level, we find that the full implementation of these individual commitments alone could result in the European Union and Japan overachieving their nationally determined contributions (NDCs), while India could further overachieve its unconditional NDC target. In the United States, where the national government has rolled back climate policies, NSAs could become a potential driving force for climate action.