RT074 - Can global norms of gender equality create social justice?
Convened by Lars Engberg-Pedersen and Adam Fejerskov (from Danish Institute for International Studies, Denmark)
The role of global norms has been approached in different ways. Some have argued that once adopted and supported by a significant number of countries, they tend to diffuse to all corners of the world. Others state that global norms are constantly being reinterpreted and translated given the particular context in which actors address them, and yet others suggest that identity politics is so important in most countries that global norms are only addressed if they support existing identity narratives. Given the strong international focus on establishing global norms, e.g. through the Sustainable Development Goals, it is central to explore how and to what extent they may establish solidarity, peace and social justice.
Between 1975 and 1995 several significant UN world conferences addressed gender equality and how to achieve it. Its normative contents changed significantly during those twenty years and have continued to change subsequently. Accordingly, it is difficult to identify a clear set of global norms on gender equality which may have to do with the many different actors involved and the changing contexts of international negotiations. Given the extensive gender inequalities existing all over the world, one may also wonder whether global norms on gender equality are unimportant or even counterproductive and seen as imperialistic outside intervention.
The roundtable addresses the following questions:
· How can current global norms on gender equality be described and to what extent does the SDG5 do a fair job of summarizing them?
· How should the process of norm development be analysed and which actors are central in that process?
· Which factors influence norm engagement in specific organizational and social contexts?
· To what extent do global norms on gender equality strengthen local initiatives to combat gender-based inequalities and create social justice?
After a short introduction by the convenor (5 minutes), each question is discussed for 20 minutes based on a short presentation by one of the speakers.
Susanne Zwingel, Florida International University
Anna van der Vleuten, Radboud University
Jutta Joachim, Radboud University
Lata Narayanaswamy, Leeds University
Sabine Lang, University of Washington
Ben Jones, University of East Anglia