HP050 - Building solidarity for empowerment and accountability in difficult settings
Convened by John Gaventa and Colin Anderson ( both Institute of Development Studies, UK)

Much of the literature on collective action has emerged from settings which are somewhat democratic and open. On the other hand, an estimated two billion people currently live in countries where these conditions do not exist and their ability to act is affected by war, high social distrust, political instability and weak or repressive governments on a daily basis. What are the collective action strategies used in such settings? How do they contribute to solidarity and overcoming marginalisation, and greater empowerment and democratic accountability? What can we learn from these settings for our more general understandings of collective action, solidarity and social justice?