Annual Report 2000
Message from the President
by Sheila Page, President of EADI
Summary of the year
by Thomas Lawo, Executive Secretary of EADI
Activities and Highlights in 2000
- The Secretariat
- Executive Committee Meetings
- EADI seminars and workshops
- Working Group Activities
- Membership and Networking
Annex 1: Membership
Annex 2: Finances
Annex 3: New members
Annex 4: Publications 2000
Annex 5: Executive Committee 1999-2002
Annex 6: Working groups
Message from the president
Development, and particularly the role external actors can play in it, has been prominent in 2000, in policy debate and within the world of development specialists. What is the nature of development and of poverty? What can we confidently say about how each of the traditional external agents, aid, trade and private capital, helps development? How should we best organise research and above all how do we create and use networks among researchers?
How has EADI responded as it enters its second quarter century?
In the wider debate, EADI takes no sides on the issues of globalisation, how to reduce poverty or how to ensure greater equality of outcome between developing and developed countries. The publications and workshops summarised in this report show how we have provided the opportunities for research and debate on both traditional subjects like food aid and more recent concerns like regionalism and role of the Central European countries in development.
But we do have experience and conclusions to offer in the debate in development studies. As a network of researchers, which has been multidisciplinary since its origins, we have taken two positions: firstly, that any network of development academics and practitioners must be multidisciplinary and, secondly, that any research network must be a community of equals. These principles, which seemed obvious to us, have needed to be pressed in new fora like the Global Development Network, but we hope that they will now prevail. We have been associated with some regional networks of Latin America, Africa and Asia, and we will welcome new potential partners, but we expect to receive as much as we can offer from all our colleagues.
After the vast output of the Conference year 1999, which is now approaching publication thanks to the continuing contribution of the hosts, GEMDEV in Paris, we have concentrated on looking at how to maintain the quality of our research and teaching and the impact of our publications and conferences. We brought all the working group conveners together (their first full-day meeting). We discussed the different approaches and what we value and have in common, and a new programme for working groups will be circulated in 2001. The new guidelines and the increased support available from EADI will allow the groups to participate fully in the next General Conference, in 2002, and, we hope, to build a combination of specific research projects and long-term collaboration so that we can continue to make significant contributions to development research.
On training, we have made significant progress in identifying how different courses can cooperate, and taken the first steps towards more formal cooperation. This will not be achieved in a year, but it marks an important step towards bringing European Development Studies together.
The EL@ND programme among libraries remains probably the most conspicuous part of our work to those outside EADI, and is now being used as an example in other regions.
Our principal publications remain the European Journal of Development Research (EJDR) and our books. Over the past year we have discussed how to provide more support from EADI for these, both intellectual and financial. We have also taken the decision to overcome what have seemed to be practical obstacles in the past and to encourage authors to publish in French as well as English. The transfer of EADI's Secretariat from Geneva to Bonn was also completed during the the past year. It imposed extra responsibilities on both the Secretariat staff and the Committee. I must record my own thanks to them for continuing with the normal responsibilities of EADI in the midst of these extra burdens.
Sheila Page, President
Summary of the year - Report from the Executive Secretary
After several rounds of internal discussions and, finally, successful negotiations with the German Government, the EADI General Assembly in Paris (September 1999) gave the go-ahead for shifting the seat of the association from Geneva, Switzerland, to Bonn, Germany.
The main tasks of the year 2000 for the new Secretariat at the new location were therefore the administrative registration and establishment of the association under German law, the transfer of the headquarters and the move of the office with its archives from Geneva to Bonn. The Swiss host institute IUED was extremely helpful in making this a smooth operation and thanks to their effective help there was almost no interruption in providing the necessary services to the members of EADI and in maintaining close links to supporters and donors and in officially keeping the communication at all levels going.
This transition period required not only the seamless continuation and delivery of routine services to the association, its leadership and members, but also an appraisal and analysis of jobs performed, their rationale and impact and a study of ways and means to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of the work of a very small Secretariat in response to increasing demands for timely delivery of quality services to the association. The preparation and follow-up to the conferences and meetings of the Executive Committee in Milano, Italy (November 1999), Ljubljana, Slovenia (April 2000), and Bonn (December 2000), the publication of the EADI Newsletter, production and distribution of the EJDR and the EADI Books Series, the Annual Report 1999, a promotional flyer on EADI and another one on our virtual libraries project, EL@ND, and the state-of-the-art web presence of EADI can be listed among those routine jobs.
Of specific importance has been the rapid establishment of solid and sustainable working relationships with a wide range of institutions based in Bonn who are active in the areas of development cooperation, development policy, research and training. This includes government institutions, the ministries, international NGOs, organisations of the United Nations family, NGDOs with corresponding networks and the private sector.
Bonn, as the Centre for International Cooperation (CIC) of the Federal Republic of Germany, has developed a certain image and appeal that makes it a place conducive to collaborative reflection and joint action. EADI has equally quickly placed itself within this community and plays an active role in promoting new initiatives in concert with the other bigger and long-established players in the CIC. It was of tremendous help that EADI could participate with full force in the launch of the World Bank-sponsored Global Development Network (GDN). During the founding conference in Bonn in December 1999, over 30 Members and office bearers of the association were actively involved.
After ZEF (Centre for Development Research, Bonn University), one of the three host institutions for EADI in Bonn and an EADI member itself, was appointed as the Secretariat for the European Hub of the GDN, now known as the European Development Network (EUDN), we at EADI are now engaging in a constructive but critical dialogue, forging appropriate ways to collaborate with ZEF in order to promote this endeavour, preferably as a joint venture.
EADI being an established, European professionals' association, is glad to be able to rely on a stable membership base also in Germany. Here in Bonn, the German Development Institute (DIE/GDI), the German Foundation for International Development (DSE) and ZEF provide the support needed by the “newcomer” EADI. These three organisations act as host institutions and facilitate contacts with the ministry and other institutional partners.
Due to the change in location from Geneva to Bonn, some existing relations have been intensified. With Brussels nearby, the links to colleagues in other European networks and, of course, in the EU, notably in the Directorates for Development and Research, but also External Relations, were quite frequent and thought provoking. Another centre of regular working contacts is Maastricht. With our members ECDPM and EUFORIC there, EADI has been able to enter into various joint ventures, thus enhancing the impact of our work.
A critical element during the past year was the collaboration with GEMDEV, one of our key partners and members in France. Several controversial issues were raised by the “Comité des Directeurs” of GEMDEV, inter alia the publication policy of EADI, the situation of the EADI working groups and the cooperation with the World Bank within the framework of the Global Development network. After several attempts to resolve this conflict, the Executive Committee was able to directly enter into dialogue with the leadership of GEMDEV and in conclusion both parties reconfirmed their will to closely collaborate in future. An apology was made for several faux pas and EADI underlined the paramount role that GEMDEV had played in preparing, hosting and co-organizing the 9th General Conference of EADI in Paris, September 1999.
In Bonn, EADI was invited to a number of workshops, conferences and meetings. Of particular importance have been meetings convened by the Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) regarding various aspects of development policy in general and, more specifically, on different sector promotion concepts. A focal area in this respect is Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and the impact on poverty alleviation. The broad spectrum of concrete experiences and expertise from EADI members was a major contribution that we made to these sessions.
The year 2000 brought a lot of new impressions, challenges and ideas to the association. It was reassuring to see so many people coming forward to help EADI settle in Bonn. Besides the material and in particular financial support, many gave their time and advice so that we were able to make a good start in the Secretariat's new location. The members of the Executive Committee and the conveners of the working groups shared in this by celebrating 25 years of EADI during our meetings in December last year in Bonn.
Last but not least a word of thanks. Geneva has been the well-known location of EADI for the past twelve years. To the Swiss Government, the Canton of Geneva and to the University and the IUED in particular, we owe thanks. The colleagues there have helped us to make the transfer and transition as trouble free as possible. Merci!
We also have to gratefully acknowledge the support of our host institutions here in Bonn under the coordinating and stimulating leadership of our EADI Vice-president, Dr Jürgen Wiemann of DIE/GDI. The financial support from the German government, through the BMZ, the state of North Rhine Westphalia and the Federal City of Bonn has greatly facilitated the new start of EADI in Bonn. In addition, NORAD, Norway, has remained a loyal supporter to our association by enabling us to continue the distribution of our prime publication, the European Journal of Development Research to partner institutes, students and researchers in the South through the member associations of ICCDA, the Inter-Regional Coordinating Council of Development Associations.
The EADI Secretariat is very sad to announce the death of Jerker Carlsson. He left us on 28 September, 2000. He had been the Swedish representative to the Executive Committee of EADI since 1993. Jerker Carlsson was an unusual researcher with a large field of interest and he liked to be engaged in several projects. He was affiliated with both the Nordic Africa Institute in Uppsala as Research Director and adjunct professor at the Department for Peace and Development Research at Gothenburg University, Sweden. He represented development research in its broadest and most positive sense, deeply engaged in the problems of interaction of development aid and the social and structural change in developing countries from a critical and reflective standpoint. We would like to acknowledge his commitment to EADI over the years, his active participation in a number of groups and activities. We will miss him as an inspiring and constructive colleague and friend.
The Year 2000 in Retrospect - Activities and Highlights
After officially registering with the Registrar of Societies in Bonn and recognition of “EADI e.V”.(registered society) as an association incorporated in Germany in conformity with the German legal requirements, the appointed Executive Secretary of EADI started work in the premises offered by the Federal City of Bonn in a beautiful turn-of-the-century mansion next to the Federal President's official residence, the Federal Cartel Office and the historic Museum König, a few steps away from the river Rhine.
In early January 2000 the first staff joined the finance administration and accounts section, followed by an assistant for office management, web-services and research activities. The German Foundation for International Development, DSE, and EADI concluded an agreement for professional support services, including the handling of the personnel administration for EADI.
In addition and according to concrete needs, timely assistance was secured from professionals through short-term contracts and consultancy jobs, especially in the areas of telecommunication, computer-installation, local network solutions, web-based services and presence on the web through an up-to-date, user-friendly and appealing EADI website.
Additional staff joined for publications, the EADI newsletter, public relation activities and related services. Other pressing tasks were assigned to short-term consultants and assistants on a contractual basis.
Executive Commitee Meetings
The EADI Executive Committee met two times during the year passed. On 15 April 2000, the Institute of Economic Research (IER) of the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, hosted the meeting, and on 2 December the Executive Committee met in Bonn, Germany, hosted by the German Development Institute (GDI), the German Foundation for International Development (DSE) and the EADI Secretariat. Both meetings were preceded by an EADI seminar. In addition, the meeting in Bonn was combined with a workshop for working group conveners.
a) Ljubljana/Slovenia 15 April, 2000
The Executive Committee meeting in April was dominated by the progress report of the Secretariat, the administrative and legal implications of the move of the Secretariat and a discussion of the outlook on the year 2000 given by the Executive Secretary. The final accounts 1999 with the Auditor's Report and the budget 2000 were accepted. The publication policy was discussed and recommendations on the EADI newsletter and presentation folder were made, as well as a decision to include contributions in French in the EJDR. The theme, shape and working title of a General Conference in 2002 was prepared and discussed. Following the critical appraisal of the state of the working groups, the suggestion to organise a workshop for EADI working group conveners was unanimously accepted in order to stimulate the professional debate, enhance the attractiveness of all EADI working groups and guarantee high-quality output from these groups.
A progress report on the EL@ND (European Libraries Network for Development) project was given. Linking this virtual library of eight EADI members and their library databases with the emerging GDNet search tools was recommended. The importance of strengthening contacts with partner institutes in the South, especially within the ICCDA network and relating to the Global Development Network, was stressed.
b) Bonn/Germany 2 December, 2000
Based on these preparatory discussions, important decisions were taken during the Executive Committee meeting in December 2000. The title of the 10th General Conference in September 2002 was chosen:
“Eastern Enlargement of the EU – Implications for development strategies and development co-operation in the 21st Century”
. The conference will focus on the impact of this process of enlargement for development strategies, policies and practice both in the existing EU, the accession countries and the developing countries of the South. The Institute of Economic Research in Ljubljana, Slovenia, expressed its interest in hosting the conference.
The results of the preceding workshop with EADI working group conveners and members of the Executive Committee were condensed into a statement of intent and later approved by the Executive Committee. Working groups continue to be the key element of the EADI network. Under the heading “Quality first!” a proposal was made to reshape and restructure all EADI working groups. This implies the assessment of the role and function of working groups in general, developing criteria and procedures for their approval and regular qualitative performance appraisal, mechanisms of result-orientation and the use of the Internet/Web by the groups.
The new layout of the EADI Newsletter was presented and the newly produced EADI flyer was distributed. In addition, it was decided that an electronic newsletter should be published to complement both the printed newsletter and the EADI website. In order to streamline all publication procedures within EADI, a policy paper would be prepared for the next meeting in April 2001.
The 10th General Conference was discussed and a list of topics relating to the overall theme of Eastern Enlargement and the EU's relation with the developing world was produced. One of the major tasks will be to establish contacts to sponsors and seek funding for the conference. The final decision regarding venue, format and size was deferred to the EADI Executive Committee meeting in April 2001.
Thinking about EADI-wide training policy issues, a follow-up of the Manchester Declaration meeting was proposed for April 2001 at the ISS, Den Haag. The on-line listing of the training niches of different EADI members will be continued.
In preparation of the GDN2000 conference in Tokyo, where the Executive Secretary and several other members of the Executive Committee would participate, a statement on “EADI and the European Hub of GDN” concerning EADI's relationship to the European Hub which had been established by a group of development economists with ZEF as the Secretariat in Bonn was drafted and approved for presentation in Tokyo.
The preliminary accounts for 2000 and the draft budget 2001 were formally approved.
EADI Seminars and workshops
a ) EU Dimensions of Regional Policies in the Associated CEE Countries
This EADI seminar was held on 14 April, 2000 at the University of Ljubljana, organised by the Institute for Economic Research and funded by the Slovenian Ministry for Economic Relations and Development. The main objective of this seminar was to give an overview of the present situation and state of the art of the regional development in the selected Central European post-Communist countries. 60 participants, mainly scholars and students from the Ljubljana University and representatives of Slovenian public administration, attended the seminar.
b) North Rhine Westphalia Shares in Global Responsibility
Another important event was the international congress “North Rhine Westphalia Shares in Global Responsibility” that was held at the end of November 2000 in the congress centre “Bundeshaus Bonn”. The conference organisers of the DSE had invited EADI to play an active role in this meeting by contributing to the programme and content of the forum on “Education and Science”. This being a core section of the congress, and a core theme of the work of EADI members as well, more than 20 members of EADI from as many countries of Europe participated.
The link between EADI and this conference was focus group 3, dealing with the “International orientation of research science, education, higher education and vocational training - North Rhine Westphalia's contributions to sustainable development”. The invited EADI working group conveners and Executive Committee members actively contributed by providing concrete examples, thus giving stronger exposure to international debates on this topic. The Federal Ministry of North Rhine Westphalia financially supported the participation of EADI members.
c) Workshop for Working Group Conveners
EADI Working Groups: Where do we want to go?
This was the key question of a discussion paper presented to the Executive Committee meeting last December in Bonn. It was based on notes and recommendations submitted by our former vice-president, Bruno Lautier, GEMDEV to the EADI Executive Committee meetings in Milano in November 1999 and Ljubljana in April 2000. The context in which this discussion took place had been the total absence of quite a few of the groups during the Paris General Conference, the following evaluation done by the Secretariat and the Working Programme 1999-2002. There was broad consensus that the activities, performance and quality of the working groups were core elements of EADI and their output crucial to the high profile and cutting-edge image of EADI as an association of professionals. But in this assessment and appraisal process of more than a year, some pertinent issues had to be dealt with.
You will find the now applicable “Guidelines for the working groups of EADI” as they have been redrafted after the Executive Committee meeting on 21 April this year in Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands, and a covering letter by our president, Sheila Page, addressed to all members on the EADI web site: www.eadi.org.
In recognition of the complex challenges, the network of researchers and institutions is facing, the following topics were addressed during the workshop:
Progress reports / activities of working groups
Supporting EADI working groups with Web-based tools
What is an EADI working group? (criteria and basic requirements)
Quality standards of an EADI working group.
The results of the workshop were summarised by the Sub-committee on Working Groups during the Executive Committee meeting on 2 December with the results described above.
Apart from publishing two issues of the European Journal of Development Research and one edition of the EADI Book Series, the EADI web site and Newsletter were redesigned.
Following major redesigning, the web site has been considerably expanded, enhancing its value. The web site, updated by the Secretariat with the help of an authoring system, features the latest EADI news and links to all member institutions and working groups. Provisions have also been made for developing a web strategy for the association as a whole. In order to achieve our information and communication goals, the EADI web site was developed with the help of OneWorld Europe, Maastricht, and IUED, Geneva, as a starting point for a decentralised web strategy, including contributions of both members and partners.
The EADI Newsletter has been given a new layout and concept. With a stronger orientation to current issues in development policy, the newsletter should reach a much wider target audience and draw attention to the association. One central topic will be featured in each printed newsletter. Issue 1-2 2000 focussed on “Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Global Development”. The printed newsletter is one element of the publication services of EADI, and will be complemented by an electronic version available by e-mail and on the EADI web site.
For all printed materials published by the Secretariat, a corporate design was developed as well as for the web site and the new presentation leaflet.
Working Group Activities
Cooperation in Development and Area Studies Training
The working group was re-launched in 1999 and has since held several meetings. In March 2000 the group published the “Manchester Declaration” and, as a first step following this declaration, the group has launched an inter-institutional online listing of institutions (www.eadi.org/wgct). Its purpose is to achieve a better sense of the training niche that the working group's partners, the Development and Area Studies centres and institutes in Europe fulfil.
Environment and Development
This working group presented a summary report of their work done from 1998 to 2000. The working group is working on a project on “Development of an Atmospheric-Hazard-Index (AHI) for Indoor Air Pollution in Rural China”, developing a quantitative measure to describe the health hazard resulting from the simultaneous exposure to several indoor air pollutants and assessing the public health risk for the rural population in China due to inhalation of polluted indoor air.
During 2000 the group prepared a workshop which was held from 22-24 March, 2001 on “Innovation and Exports from Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Developing Countries” at the University of Molise, Campobasso - Isernia, Italy. In June 2000 the working group conveners Meine Pieter van Dijk and Arni Sverrisson presented a publication on “Local Economies in Turmoil. The Effects of Deregulation and Globalisation”, published by Macmillan.
This working group celebrated its 25th anniversary on the occasion of its annual meeting, entitled “Keeping Pace with Development Information” from 6 to 9 September 2000 in Bergen, Norway. 50 information professionals attended the meeting and workshop. Detailed reports of the meeting can be found in the EADI Newsletter 1-2 2000.
EL@ND - European Libraries Network for Development
A new layout for the EL@ND web site has been installed and a promotional flyer was printed. The consortium presented the prototype project at the Knowledge Fair on the occasion of the GDN2000 conference in Tokyo, December 2000. The following partners form the initial partners core group:
CDR - Centre for Development Research, Copenhagen; www.cdr.dk
DSE - Deutsche Stiftung für internationale Entwicklung, Bonn; www.dse.de
EADI - European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes, Bonn; www.eadi.org
ECDPM - European Centre for Development Policy Management, Maastricht; www.oneworld.org/ecdpm
Fundació CIDOB - Centre d'Informació i Documentació Internacionals a Barcelona; www.cidob.org
Ibiscus, Système d'information sur les pays en développement, Paris; www.ibiscus.fr
IDS - Institute of Development Studies, Brighton; www.ids.ac.uk/ids
IUED - Institut universitaire d'études du développement, Genève; www.unige.ch/iued
OFSE - Austrian Foundation for Development Research; www.oefse.at
Multinationals and Development
A publication including papers of the EADI general conference in Paris 1999 was published in the “Cahiers du Centre de Recherche” of the IEDES (Institut d'Etudes du Développement Economique et Social, France).
Science and Technology for Development
The group was in the process of preparing an international workshop on “African Systems of Innovation and Competence Building” from 29-30 March 2001 in Aalborg, Denmark, bringing together some 40 experts to map out a comprehensive strategy for policy-relevant research on Africa by applying a National Systems of Innovation (NSoI) perspective.
Membership and Networking
New members (see Appendix) were admitted to the association in the two meetings of the Executive Committee. In welcoming them to EADI we considered carrying out an additional membership drive to at least stabilise if not increase the number of member institutes, associates and individuals. We are also planning to encourage student membership with specific incentives.
Contacts Database “OneSite Europe”
One of the most important management tools in today's networked organisations is a system of tracking information about contacts (people and organisations). EADI has joined a Joint Contacts Database System which was initiated by CIDSE, Brussels, Euforic and ECDPM, both Maastricht, sharing a database with these three agencies. All partners use the OneSite Europe system online. In the first stage of implementation, EADI is using the contacts database to manage its membership data. Focussing strongly on fields of interests, thematic expertise and other information which is essential for improving networking, the database is an important tool for facilitating contacts among researchers and supporting the work of EADI working groups by bringing together researchers with the same field of interest.
Working together requires active partnerships within the development community. A unique platform for doing this is provided by the Inter-Regional Coordinating Committee of Development Associations (ICCDA) with sister-networks all over the world. The External Relations Sub-Committee of EADI is aiming to strengthen these contacts and to implement the decisions of the last ICCDA-EADI meeting held in September 1999 in Paris. The Secretariat re-worked the database with addresses of ICCDA members receiving EJDR free of charge thanks to the contribution from NORAD. In August 2000 the Secretariat had the opportunity to meet with the General Secretary Dr Mohd. Noor Hj. Harun and Mr K V Ramani, Executive Secretary of ADIPA in Bonn.
The constructive collaboration with the emerging Global Development Network, GDN and its web-based information and communication service, the GDNet, have already been mentioned. The EADI member IDS, Sussex in Brighton won a DFID funded contract to develop this prototype tool and test-run it. EADI participated in planning workshops for the GDNet in Washington (May 2000) and Tokyo (December 2000). This resulted in a project to make use of the EL@ND technology to link with library databases from southern partners. The European Forum on International Cooperation, EUFORIC, a Maastricht-based cooperative, has become an important partner for EADI in the field of ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) for Development. At the Annual Meeting 2000, EADI was invited to represent the ordinary members of this cooperative over the next three years on the Board of EUFORIC.