Research Monitor

Health Spending and Inequality in Emerging Economies: India, China, Russia, and Indonesia in Comparative Perspective

04 Aug 2015

International Development Institute, King's College London (KCL); Author: Eduardo J. Gómez

This comparative analysis finds that government spending for public health systems and publically funded national health insurance programs, though different in the level and sources of financing, has been a positive factor associated with a gradual reduction in inequality. While government spending for national health insurance programs has helped to reduce inequality, it is important to emphasize that health insurance spending has been limited in its ability to ensure complete coverage for the poor, in turn requiring a reform of insurance programs in order to ensure that the poor do not have to contribute financially to the system.

Under the State's Thumb: Results from an Empirical Survey of Civic Organizations in Vietnam

28 Jul 2015

German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA); Authors: Jörg Wischermann et al.

Why do civic organizations (CO), especially those under authoritarian rule, act as agents of democratic change and/or as forces of preservation for existing power relations? Why do COs develop either democratic or nondemocratic features? More precisely, what is the impact of the state, especially the authoritarian one, on these developments? Which forms of authoritarian state power might precipitate, for example, forms of intra‐organizational authoritarianism?

Regulating Labour Recruitment to Prevent Human Trafficking and to Foster Fair Migration: Models, Challenges and Oportunities

23 Jul 2015

International Labour Organization (ILO); Authors: Beate Andrees, Alix Nasri, Peter Swiniarski

This working paper presents the role of international labour standards in regulating recruitment and provides a preliminary overview of national laws, policies, regulations and enforcement mechanism which aim to prevent fraudulent recruitment practices and protect workers from unscrupulous labour recruiters. The paper also provides recommendations based on emerging national and regional experiences and identifies research gaps which should be tackled in the coming years.

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