Research Monitor

Living up to Policy Coherence for Development? The OECD’s Disciplines on Tied Aid Financing

2014/09 - Austrian Foundation for Development Research (ÖFSE); Authors: Livia Fritz, Werner Raza

With tied aid credits donors aim at boosting the international competitiveness of domestic enterprises while simultaneously contributing to development in recipient countries. Though regulated through the Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits, tied aid credits claim a place amongst the instruments of development policy and are eligible as Official Development Assistance (ODA). This begs the question whether the international regulatory framework is equipped to safeguard the presumed development goals. This paper examines the consistency of the tied aid disciplines of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) with the development principles coined by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC). Thereby, the extent to which the OECD lives up to its own promise of Policy Coherence for Development (PCD) is scrutinised.

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Improving Access to International Climate Finance within sub-Saharan Africa

2014/09 – Overseas Development Institute (ODI); Author: Neil Bird

This paper provides an overview of how international public funding is accessed by recipient countries in order to secure public policy goals, and in particular the national response to climate change. It focuses on the concept of direct access, as it applies to funding originating from multilateral sources and considers how access might be improved and made more efficient. Direct access has become a focus within the debate on how the international community can support those countries particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The paper takes a regional approach and examines how these issues are playing out in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Adapting to Climate Change from a Regional Perspective: in Search of a Requisite Policy and Legal Framework for the Mediterranean

2014/08 - Institute for European Studies, University of Malta; Author: Simone Borg


This paper aims to identify the Mediterranean States’ potential in adopting a regional strategy on climate change adaptation. The author proposes a Mediterranean Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change as the first step to a political/legal regional approach to climate change issues that would supplement the multilateral process under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. The strategy could eventually pave the way for the very first regional treaty on climate change that could be negotiated under the auspices of the Regional Seas Programme and the Union for the Mediterranean.


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